A large challenge within an urban environment is to effectively protect threatened species. The Western Leopard Toad in particular has a limited distribution range, basically all of which within the City of Cape Town falls within built-up areas. Their continued survival depends on the understanding and cooperation of the residents of these areas.
The Western Leopard Toad can reach an impressive size of about 140 mm in body length. Like all toads, it has a rough skin and two large parotoid glands on either side of the head and neck region behind the eyes. It has a beautiful pattern of chocolate to reddish-brown patches with a bright yellow or black edging, on a pink or grey background (although duller individuals are also found). There is usually a yellow stripe running the length of the back between the patches. The underside is granular and cream-coloured, with males having a darkish throat.